"Organizational learning is a process manifested in patterns of actions and attributes of changing social systems rather than causal relations between isolated variables" (Chawla & Renesch, 2006, p. 368). Effective learning organizational consist of subsystems as identified by Marquardt (see Figure 1). The five subsystems as outlined by Marquardt are people, organization, knowledge, technology, and learning (2002). The subsystems are interdependent and critical to the success of the organization.
Figure 1 Systems Learning Organization Model
"Transforming your Organization into a Learning Organization"